Ingrid E.C. de Beer has worked in the field of English Language Teaching (ELT) for over 20 years. She holds a Master of Arts (MA) degree in English Language and Literature from Utrecht University and several certificates in language assessment. She has taught and developed courses in writing, presenting skills, speaking, exam preparation (IELTS, TOEFL), and courses for specific purposes in general, business and academic contexts. Her activities also involve examining, giving seminars and working as a teacher trainer.